Sports Injuries: Treatment & Prevention

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A sports injury is any damage to the muscles, tendons, ligaments, bones, or other tissues that occur during physical activity. These injuries often cause pain, swelling, and stiffness. They can range from mild to severe. These types of injuries usually occur when someone is playing a sport or exercising, but they can happen during any type of physical activity. These injuries can be caused by accidents, improper training practices, not warming up or stretching properly, or not wearing protective gear.

The most common sports injuries are sprains and strains. Muscle strains occur when a muscle or tendon is stretched too far or too quickly. When this happens, the tissue can actually tear in some cases. Muscle strains are very common in sports that involve a lot of jumping or running. For example, basketball and soccer players often get hamstring or quad strains.

Joint injuries are also very common in sports. Knee injuries are very common, and they can range from patellofemoral syndrome to a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Athletes that play contact sports like football and hockey are at a higher risk for knee injuries. But even non-contact athletes can experience knee problems, such as meniscus tears or osteoarthritis.

Other common types of sports injuries include wrist sprains and elbow or shoulder injuries. Wrist sprains can be caused by repetitive activities, such as tennis and rowing. They can also be caused by sudden movements or falling on an outstretched hand. Shoulder injuries are commonly seen in athletes, but can also be caused by repetitive, strenuous movements or not wearing proper protective equipment. The most serious injuries include fractures, dislocations, and head trauma.

Most sports injuries can be prevented by following proper training techniques, warming up and stretching before exercise or a sport, and not overdoing it. It is important to take breaks from any sport or exercise. The body needs rest to repair itself. Almost everyone can benefit from regular physical activity, and it is a great way to stay healthy.

Although some sports are innately dangerous, and any type of physical activity can lead to injuries, most can be prevented with the right preparation and safety gear. The most common sports injuries include sprains and strains, joint injuries, ligament and cartilage injuries, and bone injuries. The most serious injuries require medical attention, such as surgery and physical therapy. They may also need a brace, splint, or cast. Many of these injuries can be treated at home using the RICE method: rest, ice, compression, and elevation. For some injuries, a health care provider may need to order an imaging test, such as an X-ray or MRI, to determine the extent of the injury. Other treatments for severe injuries include pain relievers, immobilizing the injured area, rehabilitation, and physical therapy. Bendigo Podiatrist can prescribe a treatment plan that is right for you.